What Do Owls Symbolize – (Explained)

What Do Owls Symbolize

Owls are symbolic entities often associated with wisdom, change, and spirituality. This stems from ancient Greek mythology, where they were linked to Athena, the goddess of wisdom, thereby imprinting the image of the Owl as a symbol of knowledge and intellect. In Native American cultures, owls signify transformation or transition, marking them as heralds of change. Spiritually, they are seen as totems, indicating a call to delve into the mystical and unknown realms. This multifaceted symbolism has made owls a potent icon across different cultures and times.

The Symbolism of Owls in Different Cultures

When you see an owl, what comes to mind? Just a feathered friend of the night, or something more? Let’s take a journey together, exploring what these mysterious birds symbolize across different cultures.

Ancient Greek Mythology

Delving deeper into Ancient Greek mythology, owls, particularly the little Owl or “Glaux,” were seen as protectors. As Athena’s companion, the Owl also symbolized victory in war and was considered a protector of the Greek armies. The Owl’s ability to see in the dark symbolizes the ability to uncover truths and see what’s hidden.

Native American Tribes

Native American tribes had varying views on owls. For some, they represented wisdom and foresight. Others saw them as omens of death or symbols of the spirit world. Owl symbolism was deeply woven into tribal lore and rituals.

Roman Mythology

Continuing with Roman mythology, besides being linked to wisdom through Minerva, owls were often seen as prophetic. An owl’s hoot was viewed with apprehension and was thought to predict misfortune or death. Despite this bad side, owls were also respected for their keen senses and were associated with vigilance and watchfulness.

Celtic Mythology

Further, in Celtic mythology, owls symbolized wisdom and the afterlife and were associated with the moon and femininity. Celtic warriors often adorned themselves with owl feathers, believing they could invoke the Owl’s warrior spirit. The Owl’s nocturnal lifestyle was also seen as a symbol of the mysterious and the magical.

Japanese Culture

In Japanese culture, different species of owls symbolize different things. The “fukuro” (lucky Owl) is believed to bring good fortune, while the “koumori” (horned Owl) wards off misfortune. The Japanese also believe in the power of the Owl to offer protection, especially during travel, which is why owl amulets are popular gifts for people about to embark on a journey.

Mayan Civilization

Expanding on Mayan civilization, owls were considered messengers of the underworld gods and were often associated with the mysterious and the supernatural. However, owls were not purely symbols of fear; they were also seen as protectors against evil spirits. The Owl’s ability to navigate in the dark was seen as a symbol of resilience and adaptability.

Aztec Civilization

In Aztec civilization, owls were believed to be the “messenger” or “servants” of the god of death, Mictlantecuhtli. However, owls were also associated with the god of fire, Xiuhtecuhtli, and were considered guardians of fire and the earth. Despite their fearsome reputation, owls were considered powerful and respected figures in Aztec mythology.

African Folklore

Diving deeper into African folklore, although owls are often associated with witchcraft, they are also seen as keepers of secrets and are linked to the spirit realm. In some cultures, the Owl is viewed as a messenger, revealing truths and providing wisdom. Despite the mixed perceptions, owls are integral to African myths and legends.

Inuit Culture

In Inuit culture, the snowy Owl, or “ukpik,” is seen as a symbol of endurance and survival. Its ability to survive harsh winters is a testament to its strength and adaptability. The Inuit also believed that the spirits of their ancestors could take the form of owls, providing guidance and protection.

Slavic Folklore

In Slavic folklore, owls were often seen as messengers from the underworld, bringing news of death or disaster. However, their negative connotations did not overshadow Slavs’ respect for these birds. In some Slavic tribes, owls were considered sacred.

Australian Aboriginal Culture

For Australian Aboriginal people, the Owl is often linked to “Dreamtime,” the Aboriginal understanding of the world and its creation. The Owl is considered a spiritual being, and its hoot is often interpreted as carrying messages from the spirit world.

Maori Culture

In Maori culture, the Ruru or morepork owl is associated with the spirit world and is believed to bring messages from the ancestors. The call of the Ruru at night is often interpreted as a good or bad omen, depending on its sound.

Inca Civilization

The Incas believed that owls were linked to the spiritual world and could serve as messengers between the physical and spiritual realms. They respected owls for their ability to see in the dark and believed these birds possessed the wisdom of the ancients.

Egyptian Culture

In Ancient Egyptian culture, owls were considered sacred and were often used in hieroglyphics to represent the sounds and letters in the Egyptian language. Despite their association with death, they were also seen as protectors of the dead, guiding them in the underworld.

Norse Mythology

In Norse mythology, owls and other birds of prey were associated with the Valkyries, the female spirits who chose those who may die in battle and those who may live. They were seen as symbols of transition, guiding warriors to Valhalla.

Finnish Folklore

In Finnish folklore, the Owl’s wisdom extends to the magical realm. It’s believed that owls can see what is hidden from the human eye, including spirits and the future. This has made owls revered figures in many Finnish tales.

Buddhist Culture

In Buddhist culture, owls’ wisdom extends beyond mere knowledge. It also symbolizes the ability to see beyond surface appearances into the true reality of things. This deeper understanding aligns with the Buddhist practice of seeking enlightenment.

Chinese Culture

Expanding further on the symbolism of owls in Chinese culture, the birds are not only linked to strength and bravery, but they are also symbols of change and transition. Owls are often seen in Chinese art, where their ability to see in the dark mirrors the philosophical concept of Yin and Yang – the balance between darkness and light.

Persian Culture

Deepening our understanding of owls in Persian culture, they are not only seen as guardians but also as symbols of solitude. This can be interpreted as a sign of independence and self-reliance, a nod to the Owl’s solitary nature. Despite their reputation for being harbingers of doom, owls are also seen as symbols of endurance, able to thrive in harsh conditions.

Korean Culture

In Korean culture, owls are not only protectors but also seen as symbols of intelligence and wisdom. This is similar to many cultures worldwide, likely due to their keen hunting skills and sharp vision. Having an owl around is believed to ward off ignorance and bring clarity and insight.

Vietnamese Culture

In Vietnamese culture, owls symbolize luck and prosperity and represent the balance between the physical and spiritual worlds. Their nocturnal nature symbolizes the unseen and mysterious link to the spiritual realm. It’s considered good luck in Vietnam to hear an owl hooting, as it’s believed to ward off evil spirits.

Turkish Culture

Despite their fearsome reputation in Turkish culture, owls are also respected for their strength and resilience. Their nocturnal lifestyle and keen vision are symbols of the ability to navigate through dark times and bring about a return to the light. Some Turkish legends even regard owls as sacred creatures capable of providing divine guidance.

The Symbolism of Owls in Different Religions


In Islamic culture, the Owl’s symbolism is mixed. It’s generally considered a creature of ill omen, often associated with ruin and desolation. This view is largely due to the Owl’s nocturnal nature and its ties to places of ruin. However, owls are also appreciated for their acute senses and vigilance, symbolizing watchfulness and careful observation.


In Christian symbolism, owls are typically associated with solitude and contemplative prayer, drawing parallels to monastic life. They’re often seen as symbols of wisdom, as in the Bible, the Owl is described as a creature that dwells in ruins, suggesting a contemplative, reflective character. However, some Christian traditions also see owls as omens of mortality and human frailty.


In Hinduism, owls hold a significant place. They are considered the vehicle of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity. During the Diwali Hindu festival, owls are celebrated as symbols of good luck and prosperity. However, their symbolism has a duality, as they’re also associated with Yama, the god of death.


In Buddhism, owls often represent wisdom, similar to their symbolism in Greek mythology. The Owl’s ability to see in the dark is an allegory for the enlightened being who can “see” the truth of reality (Dharma). They symbolize the wisdom of the Buddha and are regarded as protectors of Buddhist teachings.


In Sikhism, the Owl’s symbolism is less prominent. Sikh scriptures (Guru Granth Sahib) mention various birds, but the Owl is rarely mentioned. However, in Sikh art and literature, it might symbolize ignorance or spiritual blindness, as an owl in daylight can’t see clearly, representing spiritual ignorance in the divine light.


In Jewish tradition, the Owl is often seen as a symbol of solitude and wisdom. It’s mentioned in the Book of Leviticus as one of the non-kosher birds, which has led to some negative connotations. However, the Owl’s wisdom and connection to the night also link it to the study of the Torah, often carried out at night.

Owl Symbolism in the Bible

In the pages of the Bible, owls are often cast as solitary figures, echoing in desolate and uninhabited places. Quite different from the revered symbol of wisdom that usually comes to mind when we think of owls. They appear in several passages, particularly in the books of Isaiah and Jeremiah, where their presence underscores feelings of abandonment or desolation.

Some biblical scholars, however, offer a deeper interpretation. They see the Owl as a symbol for those living in spiritual darkness, much like it resides in physical darkness. It’s a compelling thought. Rather than associating owls with wisdom, this interpretation ties them to the absence of divine light.

But let’s not jump to negative conclusions. In this light, owls serve as poignant reminders of the significance of spiritual light and connectivity. They symbolize the vital need for spiritual enlightenment and seeking light even in the darkest times. So, while the Owl’s biblical symbolism may be sad, it carries a powerful and positive message about perseverance and the search for divine connection.

Owl Symbolism in Literature and Art

Owl Symbolism in Literature


In Shakespeare’s tragic play “Macbeth,” the Owl symbolizes death and darkness. It appears as a sign of impending doom, often screeching in scenes preceding a significant death. This dark symbolism furthers the eerie, foreboding atmosphere of the play, reminding us that even in nature, there can be signs of human tragedy.

“The Owl and the Nightingale”

In this medieval poem, the Owl and the nightingale engage in a heated debate, with the Owl symbolizing the old religious tradition and the nightingale representing the joys of courtly love and the secular life. Their dispute illustrates the contrasting beliefs and values of the period, with the Owl’s wisdom and solemnity starkly set against the nightingale’s joy and merriment.

“The Adventures of Winnie the Pooh”

In A.A. Milne’s beloved children’s book, Owl is one of Pooh’s friends who is respected for his wisdom. Owl’s character demonstrates a traditional view of owls as intelligent creatures. However, his tendency to mistake simple situations often provides a humorous twist, showing that wisdom may not always equal practical intelligence.

“Mrs. Frisby and the Rats of NIMH”

In Robert C. O’Brien’s book, the Owl is a wise yet intimidating figure. The protagonist, Mrs. Frisby, seeks the Owl’s advice, acknowledging his wisdom yet fearing his potential as a predator. The Owl’s symbolic roles as a bringer of wisdom and a harbinger of danger coexist in this narrative, adding depth and complexity to the storyline.

“Harry Potter”

In J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series, owls are symbols of wisdom and play a vital role in the wizarding world as mail carriers. Harry’s pet owl, Hedwig, symbolizes loyalty, companionship, and the link between the magical and the ordinary world, portraying owls as trustworthy and reliable creatures.

“The Owl and the Pussycat”

In Edward Lear’s nonsense poem, the Owl symbolizes wisdom, as is traditional, but it’s also depicted as a romantic figure. As it serenades the pussycat with its guitar under the light of the moon, the Owl embodies love, creativity, and emotional expression, revealing a softer, more whimsical side to this usually solemn creature.

Owl Symbolism in Art

Ancient Egyptian Art

In Ancient Egyptian art, owls often represented death and the underworld. This was due to their nocturnal habits and eerie, haunting calls. However, owls were also seen as protectors who guided souls in the afterlife, a dual symbolism that added depth to their depiction in various artworks.

Greek and Roman Art

In Greek and Roman art, owls often served as symbols of wisdom, owing to their association with Athena, the goddess of wisdom in Greek mythology, and her Roman equivalent, Minerva. Depictions of these goddesses often included an owl, reinforcing their connection with knowledge and insight.

Medieval Art

During the medieval period, owls were frequently depicted in illuminated manuscripts and architectural designs, typically as symbols of solitude and as creatures of the night. However, their symbolic connotations varied, with some instances portraying them as bearers of wisdom while others associated them with evil or misfortune.

Symbolist Art Movement

In the Symbolist Art Movement of the late 19th century, owls were seen as symbols of knowledge and deeper understanding. Artists used them to signify an exploration of the unknown and the mysterious. Owls often appeared in works addressing themes of dreams, visions, and the subconscious.

Surrealist Art

The Owl’s nocturnal nature and striking appearance in Surrealist art made it a popular motif. Surrealist artists, captivated by the idea of dreamscapes and unconscious realms, often used owls as symbols of the mysterious and the uncanny, evoking a sense of dreamlike wonder or unease.

Contemporary Art

In contemporary art, owls can symbolize various concepts, from wisdom and mystery to solitude and introspection. Their powerful symbolism and distinctive look make them versatile subjects, fitting into various artistic styles and themes. Contemporary artists often utilize owls to explore issues related to identity, transformation, and the intersection of the human and natural worlds.

What Does it Mean to Dream of an Owl?

Dreaming of an owl often symbolizes wisdom and knowledge. Owls are known for their keen sight, able to spot a tiny mouse from high up in a tree, even in the dark. If an owl shows up in your dream, it might nudge you to see beyond the surface of things to look deeper. A situation in your life needs a closer look or a new perspective. As owls are creatures of the night, they can symbolize the hidden or mysterious aspects of life. Dreaming about them is a call to explore the unknown, whether it’s a new opportunity or something within yourself.


What does the white Owl symbolize across different cultures?

The white Owl symbolizes purity, illumination, and wisdom in many cultures. For example, in Native American lore, it’s seen as a guide to uncovering truths, while in Japanese culture, it represents luck and protection.

What do owls symbolize in the context of death and rebirth?

Owls are often seen as symbols of death, transition, and rebirth. Their nocturnal lifestyle links them to the afterlife in many cultures, representing the journey of souls. Conversely, their awakening at night can also symbolize rebirth and new beginnings.

How Does Owl Symbolism Connect To Wisdom And Knowledge?

Owl symbolism connects to wisdom and knowledge through various cultural beliefs. Owls are associated with Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom, and this connection has echoed through the ages. Their keen sight and ability to see in the dark symbolize insight and intuitive knowledge.

What does an owl totem mean?

An owl totem is believed to imbue individuals with the qualities of the Owl. This includes wisdom, intuition, and seeing what’s hidden most. It encourages exploration of the unknown and supports personal growth and transformation.

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